Usos verbo SER y verbo ESTAR

In Spanish the verb to be change in two differents verbs: SER Y ESTAR

Please, try to learn the differents uses from each one and use in this way. The English speakers usually have a lot of troubles with it. Never  try to translate from English into Spanish because probably you’ll make a mistake.

Actually you know few uses, let me show you few examples. With green color things we’ve learnt, the rest still we doesn’t learn:


1) Nationality: Yo soy irlandés

2) Occupations: Yo soy secretaria

3) Who is who: Yo soy la madre de María

4) The time: Son las dos y media (2:30 h). Hoy es lunes (Today is Monday)

5) Events: El concierto es en el teatro (The concert is in the theater)

6) Description of  people: María es alta y simpática (María is tall and kind)

7) Description of places and objets: La mesa es grande (The table is big)


1) Marital Status: Yo estoy casada

2) Present continuous: Estoy durmiendo

3) Indicate location or position: Estoy en la cocina

4) To describe physical state and mood: María está enferma y deprimida (She is sick and depressed)

5)With past participles: El trabajo está hecho (work is done)

Sometimes if we use verbo SER or ESTAR the meaning of a sentence can be changed. It’s a good reason to learn the uses I show you above. Pay attencion with it:

A) Soy bueno: I’m a good person.

Estoy bueno: I’m healthy.

Esto es bueno: It’s good quality

Esto está bueno: It’s is in good condition or if you are eating something and you like the taste you use this sentence.

B) Soy malo: I’m a bad person.

Estoy malo: I’m sick

Esto es malo: It’s bad quality

Esto está malo: It’s in poor condition

More examples and complete information about it here