Practica tu pronunciación (improve your pronunciation)

Please, read  the document with words, listen and repeat to improve your pronunciation. Read  here and listen it:

http://www.ivoox.com/mejora-pronunciacion-1_md_432296_wp_1.mp3″
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Mi agenda (I go to…)

IR significa TO GO.

El tiempo presente de ir es:

Yo voy
Tú vas
Él va
Nosotros vamos
Vosotros váis
Ellos van

Yo voy al cine significa I go to the cinema.
Yo voy al restaurante con mis amigos.
Voy a la biblioteca.

Pay attention: A + EL = AL →  Yo voy al cine (to the cinema/ a+el cine= al cine).

 

Listen again days of the week in Spanish here.
Listen again how to say the time here.

Lugares a dónde ir:
http://www.ivoox.com/lugares-a-donde-ir_md_432329_wp_1.mp3″

EL CINE (cinema)
EL TEATRO (theater)
EL GIMNASIO (gym)
EL AEROPUERTO (airport)
EL RESTAURANTE (restarant)
EL MERCADO (market)
EL SUPERMERCADO (supermarket)
LA DISCOTECA (disco)
EL BAR (pub)
LA PELUQUERIA (hairdresser)
EL TRABAJO (work)
LA UNIVERSIDAD (university)
LA BIBLIOTECA (library)

Continue reading

Comida y lugares (Me gusta/no me gusta)

Escucha el siguiente vocabulario y trabájalo con la forma “Me gusta/ Me gustan” o “No me gusta/ No me gustan”.

http://www.ivoox.com/comida-lugares_md_425511_wp_1.mp3″

La comida (food):

Pescado (singular) – Pescados (plural)
Carne – Carnes
Fruta – Frutas
Verdura – Verduras
Dulce – Dulces
Huevo – Huevos

Lugares (places):

Playa – Playas
Ciudad- Ciudades
Montaña – Montañas
Bosque – Bosques
Restaurante – Restaurantes
Campo – Campos

Aficiones y tiempo libre (hobbies and free time)

Me gusta leer libros significa ‘I like to read books’

So, I’ll show you how to say in Spanish the following actions:
http://www.ivoox.com/tiempo-libre-aficiones_md_425482_wp_1.mp3″

Leer (to read)
Cocinar (to cook)
Jugar al golf (play golf)
Montar a caballo (to ride a horse)
Montar en bicicleta (to ride a bike)
Montar en moto (to ride a motorbike)
Ir a la playa (to go to the beach)
Tomar el sol (to sunbathe)
Viajar (to travel)
Andar (to walk)
Pintar (to paint)
Nadar (to swim)
Bailar (to dance)
Escuchar música (to listen music)
Navegar por Internet (to surf by Internet)
Bucear (to dive)
Tomar fotografías (to take photos)

Short name of ‘bicicleta’ is ‘bici’, ‘televisión’ is ‘tele’, ‘fotografía’ is foto.

Me gusta – No me gusta

El verbo gustar significa “to like”.

If you want to say that something you like or not in Spanish, you’ll use the following form:

  • Me gusta _(singular subject)_  /  Me gustan __(plural subject)
  • No me gusta __(singular subject) / No me gustan _(plural subject)

Ejemplos:

  • Me gusta el vino (I like wine) / Me gustan los perros
    (I like dogs)
  • No me gusta el vino / No me gustan los perros

We can ask:

  • ¿Te gusta el vino? (Do you like wine?)
  • ¿Te gustan los perros? (Do you like dogs?)
  • ¿Qué te gusta? (What things do you like?)
  • ¿Qué te gusta hacer? (What do you like to do?)

Verbo GUSTAR – Presente – with subject in singular
Me gusta – I like
Te gusta – You like
Le gusta – He/she/ your(formal) likes
Nos gusta – We like
Os gusta – you like
Les gusta – They like

Las mascotas

Mascota significa “pet”

Mascotas es el plural de mascota

We use “artículo determinado” with the following  nouns: EL-LA-LOS-LAS

Por favor, escucha atentamente el vocabulario y la pronunciación:

EL GATO (singular) (cat)- LOS GATOS (plural)
EL PERRO (dog) – LOS PERROS
EL PEZ (fish) – LOS PECES
LA ARAÑA – LAS ARAÑAS
EL CABALLO (horse) – LOS CABALLOS
LA SERPIENTE (snake)- LAS SERPIENTES

Listen the pronunciation here.

Gato is male, gata is female. So in plural will change to ‘los gatos’ y ‘las gatas’.
the female of “caballo” is “Yegua”

What about “LL” in Spanish?

“Sevilla” or “llamarse” are words that contain the letter “elle” (Ll). English speakers have problem to pronounce this letter. The reason is that the sound for letter LL is  [ʎ], that does not naturally occur in English.

Yeísmo in Spain (dark areas)

Yeísmo in Spain (dark areas)

Properly the letter “LL” [ʎ] has a different pronunciation that the letter “Y” [ʤ] in Spanish.

In our class, I said that is very common say letter “ll” with the same pronunciation that “y”. This is known as yeísmo, and this is prevalent in most of Latin America (except Bolivia, Perú and Paraguay) and parts of Spain. In Spain yeísmo is widespread among the younger generation.

So the question is: how do I need pronounce letter “ll” in Spanish? The answer is complicate. Yeísmo is said by millions of Spanish speakers, so probably the best way is pronounce “ll” as a “y” in Spanish and it is the easiest way for an English speaker (non for academic purposes).  Nowadays, the general rule is for the y/ll phonological opposition to be disappearing quickly all throughout Spain.

For example, notice the different sounds:

Sevilla

Yate

Now listen how I say the words “Sevilla” and “Marbella” with yeísmo.
http://www.ivoox.com/ejemplo-pronunciacion-del-yeismo_md_425470_wp_1.mp3″

Sevilla

Marbella